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In these races the weights are calculated in a similar manner to Group 1 contests, but there is also the addition of penalties to make the races more competitive.
Penalties, in the form of extra weight carried by the horse, are given to horses who have won at an equal or higher grade within a certain timeframe.
A Listed race is a further step down from Group level, that is just below Group 3, and the same weight penalties apply.
The majority of horses end up competing in handicaps. In a handicap race, each horse is allotted a weight based on its rating — each point represents 1lb.
For instance, if a horse rated 90 carries 9st 8lb, a horse rated 88 will carry 9st 6lb. Handicap races are often restricted to a specified ratings band, for example The highest rating a horse can have in a Flat handicap is ; beyond that, they would have to compete in Group and Listed races.
Some of the handicaps are highly valuable and historic races such as the Wokingham, Cesarewitch and Ebor regularly attract fields of 20 runners or more, if safety limits allow.
These top-level handicaps are rated as Class 2 handicaps; the lower the ratings band of horses who can compete, the lower the grade of handicap, the lowest being Class 7.
Be it the names of horse races, flat racing, jump racing handicap races, conditions races, graded races, group races, and so on.
Horse racing contests are distinguished and divided by several elements. Ultimately, flat horse racing is depicted by the terrain the horse races on.
This is favoured by most nations to be on a flat levelled ground, usually in the form of turf. However, dirt-tracks are still widely used in countries such as America.
Generally, any race track without any jumps or obstacles present is considered to be a flat race. Flat races tend to take place over a distance from 1 to 3 miles, and the most prestigious of flat races feature thoroughbred horses.
The purpose of flat racing is to test the speed and stamina of the horses running. Predominantly in Europe and the UK, two classifications are taken into consideration for flat racing.
These are conditions races and handicap races. For instance, horses with a distinct advantage above other horses shall be required to carry extra weight to level out the competition, so to speak.
Handicaps are assessed by handicappers who grade a horse between 0 and Following a race, if a horse raced well, their grade will increase.
The most widely circulated races in the UK are the Triple Crown races. Thoroughbred racing is highly regarded in various nations, and many choose to offer their own Triple Crown Series.
For instance, in North America, their Triple Crown is hosted at Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont Stakes. The achievement of winning the entire three races for the English Triple Crown has not been succeeded by any horse since Canadian-bred horse Nijinsky, trained in Ireland and rode by jockey Lester Piggot.
The Classic British horse races are defined as group 1 horse races and only use horses that are two or three years old.
The Classic British races in order are as follows:. A popular option for spectators and bettors is the group races also referred to as graded races.
Small local stakes races might offer just a few thousand dollars, while purses in the Kentucky Derby and the Breeders' Cup Classic range into the millions.
You'll find the best local horses at local stakes, while graded stakes will showcase the top horses from local barns as well as from around the country or even abroad.
Local stakes races often come with restrictions, such as that the horses must be bred in the state. These are called restricted stakes.
Some of these races offer significant purses, giving owners and trainers an incentive to breed and race locally. Restricted stakes aren't eligible for grading.
Graded stakes races are the top level. These races can have no restrictions other than age or gender of the horses. There are three grades assigned by the Graded Stakes Committee : Grades 1, 2, or 3 with Grade 1 being the highest caliber.
Unlike many of the popular flat and jump racing events, endurance racing tests endurance and longevity on a track.
The longest endurance race going on currently is the Mongol Derby, which stretches for a ridiculous 1, kilometers.
All breeds are welcome for these types of races, but Arabian horses tend to be popular, due to their elite stamina and endurance.
There are also races where the horse is responsible for more than just its own weight and a jockey. In harness racing, horses pull a sulky, and race a specific trot or pace.
The goal is for the horses to trot or pace at the predetermined speed, without breaking stride. Horses are penalized for galloping by being forced to slow down behind the competition.
Horses are entered into this prestigious event based on lifetime earnings, and compete for a prize upwards of 1 million euros.
A less popular type of horse racing is quarter horse racing, which puts an extreme emphasis on speed. Quarter horse races refer to a quarter of a mile or less, which challenges faster breeds of horses to compete and win on very short tracks.
There are two ways to look at horse racing types. One is the actual track, the obstacles, and distance a race deals with. The other is what type of horse is allowed in the race and what is at stake.
This next sect of horse racing types deals more with the graduation of racing for horses. They are the Philippine-pony era — , the Arabian-horse era — , and the Thoroughbred-era —present.
Horse racing was introduced to Singapore by the British during the colonial era and remained one of the legal forms of gambling after independence.
It remains a highly popular form of entertainment with the local Singaporean community to this day. Races are typically held on Friday evenings and Sundays at the Singapore Turf Club in Kranji.
Horse racing has also left its mark in the naming of roads in Singapore such as Race Course Road in Little India , where horse racing was first held in Singapore, and Turf Club Road in Bukit Timah where Singapore Turf Club used to be situated before moving to its current location in Horse racing in South Korea dates back to May , when a foreign language institute run by the government included a donkey race in its athletic rally.
However, it wasn't until the s that modern horse racing involving betting developed. The nation's first authorised club, the Chosun Racing Club, was established in and a year later, the pari-mutuel betting system was officially adopted for the first time.
The Korean War disrupted the development of horse racing in the country, but after the Seoul Olympics in , the Olympic Equestrian Park was converted into racing facilities named Seoul Race Park , which helped the sport to develop again.
The Dubai World Cup is once again the world's richest horse race. The Pegasus World Cup had its purse reduced in to make room for a new turf race.
The Meydan Racecourse in Dubai, reported to be the world's largest race track, opened on March 27, for the Dubai World Cup race.
The race track complex contains two tracks with seating for 60,, a hotel, restaurants, theater and museum.
There is no parimutuel betting in the UAE as gambling is illegal. In Argentina the sport is known as turf. Some of the most famous racers are Irineo Leguisamo , Vilmar Sanguinetti, Marina Lezcano, Jorge Valdivieso, Pablo Falero and Jorge Ricardo.
Carlos Gardel's tango Por una cabeza is about horse racing, a sport of which he was a known fan. Gardel was a good friend of Irineo Leguisamo , who is the most recognized Argentine jockey.
At many horse races, there is a gambling station, where gamblers can stake money on a horse. Gambling on horses is prohibited at some tracks; Springdale Race Course, home of the nationally renowned Toronto-Dominion Bank TD Bank Carolina Cup and Colonial Cup Steeplechase in Camden, South Carolina , is known as one of the tracks where betting is illegal, due to a law.
Where gambling is allowed, most tracks offer parimutuel betting where gamblers' money is pooled and shared proportionally among the winners once a deduction is made from the pool.
In some countries, such as the UK, Ireland, and Australia, an alternative and more popular facility is provided by bookmakers who effectively make a market in odds.
This allows the gambler to 'lock in' odds on a horse at a particular time known as 'taking the price' in the UK. Anna Waller, a member of the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of North Carolina, co-authored a four-year-long study of jockey injuries and stated to The New York Times that "For every 1, jockeys you have riding [for one year], over will have medically treated injuries.
The study reported 6, injuries during the years — Horses also face dangers in racing. The U. Jockey Club in New York estimates that about horses died at racetracks in Another estimates there are deaths annual in the US.
There is speculation that drugs used in horse racing in the United States, which are banned elsewhere, are responsible for the higher death rate in the United States.
In the Canadian province of Ontario , a study of 1, racehorse deaths between and found that the majority of deaths were attributable to "damage during exercise to the horses' musculoskeletal system ", including fractures, dislocations, and tendon ruptures.
The study also found that the incidence of off-track deaths were twice as high for thoroughbreds. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Horse race disambiguation. Equestrian sport. Horse racing at Golden Gate Fields , Main articles: National Hunt racing , Steeplechase horse racing , and Hurdling horse race.
Main article: Harness racing. Main article: Endurance riding. Further information: Horse breeding. Main article: Thoroughbred. Main article: Standardbred.
Main article: Arabian horse. Main article: American Quarter Horse. See also: Horse racing in the United States.
See also: List of French flat horse races , Category:Horse racing in France , and French flat racing Champion Jockey. Main article: Horseracing in Great Britain.
See also: Horseracing in Scotland and Horseracing in Wales. Main article: Horse racing in Ireland. See also: List of horse races in Italy.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Harness racing in Sweden.
Main articles: Thoroughbred racing in Australia and Harness racing in Australia. Main articles: Thoroughbred racing in New Zealand and Harness racing in New Zealand.
Main article: Horse racing in India. Main article: Horseracing in Japan. Main article: Horseracing in the Philippines. Main article: Horse racing in South Korea.
Horses portal Sports portal. Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 6 May International Federation of Horse Racing Authorities.
Archived from the original on Retrieved Official Horse Picks. Become a Winner Claiming Thoroughbred Race Horses. Retrieved 12 September The Jockey Club and Its Founders: In Three Periods.
Smith, Elder. Fletcher The history of the St. Leger stakes, — The Horse Racing Channel. Archived from the original on 11 July The Hambletonian Society.
Harness Racing New Zealand". Guinness World Records. Retrieved September 16, Retrieved 17 September Academic Search Complete EBSCO.
University of Arizona Library, Tucson, Arizona. August 9, Retrieved July 25, Potter, B.There are five Play Vampire Game, all of which are contested Charm Farm Hilfe by three-year-olds:. Horse racing is one of the oldest sports-betting genres, and also happens to be one of the most exciting and entertaining events that sports has to offer. Graded stakes races are the top level. It is the largest and most prestigious event on the continent, Sachsenlo betting running into the hundreds of millions of Rands. Jump racing is separated into 5 divisions; The National Hunt Specifically for horses bred for jump racing. The Classic British races in order are as follows:. Sometimes known as trotting because of one of the distinct gaits used by the horses in the sport, harness racing has grown into a worldwide phenomenon. The first recorded race club meeting took place five years later in Harness Racing. These horses are separated into two categories, trotters and pacers.